How big MNC’s like Google, Facebook, Instagram etc stores, manages and manipulate Thousands of Terabytes of data with High Speed and High Efficiency.

Sonam Kumari Singh
3 min readDec 11, 2023

BIG DATA :- is a collection of data that is huge in volume, yet growing exponentially with time. It is a data with so large size and complexity that none of traditional data management tools can store it or process it efficiently. Big data is also a data but with huge size.

Big data is not any concept nor any technology it is a big problem , which big tech companies are facing in todays world of technologies. like Google, Facebook, and Instagram, are handling mind-boggling amounts of data with unprecedented speed and efficiency.

  1. Massive Data Centers: The Foundation of Big Data Operations The sheer volume of data generated and processed by companies like Google and Facebook necessitates colossal data centers. These centers house an extensive network of servers, storage systems, and networking equipment, forming the backbone of their operations. These data centers are strategically located across the globe to optimize performance and reliability.
  2. Distributed File Systems: Ensuring Scalability and Redundancy To manage data efficiently, these corporations employ distributed file systems like Google File System (GFS) and Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS). These systems allow for the seamless distribution of data across multiple servers, ensuring both scalability and redundancy. This means that even if one server fails, data retrieval is not compromised.
  3. Data Replication and Redundancy: Mitigating the Risk of Data Loss Data replication is a crucial strategy employed by tech giants to safeguard against data loss. Multiple copies of the same data are stored across different servers and sometimes in different geographical locations. This redundancy not only protects against hardware failures but also enhances data retrieval speed.
  4. Parallel Processing: Boosting Data Manipulation Speeds To manipulate vast datasets with high efficiency, parallel processing is employed. Technologies like MapReduce enable the simultaneous execution of tasks across multiple nodes, facilitating faster data analysis and manipulation. This parallelization is a key factor in achieving the rapid processing speeds synonymous with these tech giants.
  5. In-Memory Databases: Reducing Latency for Real-Time Applications Google’s Bigtable, Facebook’s RocksDB, and other in-memory databases enable real-time processing by storing data in RAM rather than on traditional disk drives. This reduces latency and speeds up data access, making it ideal for applications that require instantaneous responses, such as social media interactions and search engine queries.
  6. Advanced Compression Algorithms: Maximizing Storage Efficiency The efficiency of data storage is further enhanced through advanced compression algorithms. By reducing the size of stored data, corporations can optimize storage space and mitigate the costs associated with maintaining vast amounts of information.
  7. Machine Learning and Predictive Analytics: Smart Data Management These tech giants leverage machine learning algorithms and predictive analytics to analyze user behavior, anticipate trends, and optimize data storage. This intelligent data management allows for more effective resource allocation and ensures that the most relevant information is readily accessible.

Conclusion: The storage, management, and manipulation of thousands of terabytes of data by tech giants like Google, Facebook, and Instagram showcase the remarkable strides made in the field of big data technology. From massive data centers to distributed file systems, redundancy strategies, and cutting-edge algorithms, these corporations continue to redefine the boundaries of what is possible in the realm of data processing. As technology continues to evolve, it’s certain that these giants will remain at the forefront, continually pushing the envelope of what can be achieved in the world of big data.



Sonam Kumari Singh

SONAM here! Grateful for your connection! Tech enthusiast exploring new languages, deep into DevOps, with a spotlight on Linux. 😊🚀